Solar panels record the sun’s energy and then work to convert that energy into power for your home. After sunlight hits solar panels, it’s captured within photovoltaic cells and transported to an inverter where it’s converted from direct current DC electricity to usable AC electricity.
Off-grid solar means that you can meet all of your energy requirements entirely through the sun’s power, with no assistance from the electrical grid.
To achieve this, you must build a solar power system in conjunction with an energy storage device, such as a solar battery, at the location where energy is consumed (your home).
Implementing an off-grid solar system once was considered a fringe concept as a result of the vast amount of space it required and the exorbitant expenses associated with it.
However, advancements in solar technology over the last decades have made solar technology more effective and less expensive, hence assisting in the mainstreaming of solar energy.
RVs and rural cabins powered exclusively by off-grid solar systems are already a reasonably regular sight on the roadside and in the countryside.
While many people immediately think of solar panels whenever they hear the phrase “off-grid solar,” the truth is that many other components must be included to have a fully functional off-grid PV system.
A full off-grid solar system is something that is equipped with all of the essential equipment for generating, storing, and supplying solar energy on-site.
They are also referred to as “standalone solar power systems” because they work independently of any external power source and do not require a connection to the grid.
Instead of relying on the sun to give power when it isn’t accessible like other kinds of solar setups, like the more typical grid-connected solar system, the off-grid solar systems depend on batteries to offer power when the sun is not present.
Batteries, on the other hand, are extremely expensive – significantly more so than solar panels with which they are used.
Because off-grid solar systems require a large amount of battery storage, they are significantly more expensive than grid-connected solar systems.
An inventory of all the equipment needed for a fully functional off-grid solar system is provided below:
– Installation of solar panels
– Solar charge controllers
– Solar inverters
– Solar batteries
– Mounting and racking systems
Over 300,000 homes are anticipated to depend on off-grid sources of energy to fulfill their energy needs.
The following are some of the reasons why some people wish to live off the grid.
This is the key reason why Off-Grid Solar Energy systems captivate people who reside in locations prone to blackouts.
When you’re linked to the grid, you have to rely on an outside source for all of the energy demands and requirements: the utility company.
When the electrical grid goes down, so does the power supply.
As those who experienced the blackouts can confirm, it is only when you are faced with blackouts and power outages that you understand how reliant you have grown.
Off-grid living also offers the added advantage of reducing carbon emissions.
Because the overwhelming bulk of electricity distributed through the grid is created by the burning of fossil fuels, producing your electricity with renewable resources (wind, solar, and hydro) can help you lower your carbon footprint dramatically.
It’s difficult to keep track of your energy usage habits when you’re connected to the grid – you use electricity, pay a bill whenever it arrives, so that’s the end of the power consumption.
It disconnects you from both the source of electricity and the site where it is utilized.
When you live off the grid, your perspective on electricity changes dramatically, and you get more resourceful.
To prevent running out of electricity, maintain a close check on the energy production even while reevaluating and justifying your energy consumption.