A Comprehensive Guide to Solar Inverters

Because they convert the direct current (DC) produced by photovoltaic solar panels into the alternating current (AC) required by household appliances, solar inverters are crucial to the process of harvesting solar energy. Want to know more about solar inverters?

What Is a Solar Inverter?

A solar inverter: what is it? A solar inverter is a crucial part of any system that produces photovoltaic solar power. In essence, it’s a gadget that transforms solar energy production into electrical power that may be used in your house or workplace. Stated differently, this vital component serves as a link between the photovoltaic system and the energy-consuming household or grid appliances.

Since most home appliances cannot use direct current (DC), which solar panels produce, solar converters are essential. Transforming DC power into AC power is the inverter’s primary job. This type of AC blends in perfectly with the grid and works with most business and residential appliances.

How Does a Solar Inverter Work?

So, how do solar inverters work? It first takes the solar panel’s direct current (DC) output and changes it to 120V or 240V alternating current (AC). As your home’s appliances operate on alternating current rather than direct current, this conversion is required in order to make the solar energy gathered by your solar panels usable for everyday purposes.

Solar panels get photovoltaic (PV) cells’ semiconductor layers absorbing the light rays from the sun. When light energy is absorbed, it causes electrons to move more quickly, which results in the creation of an electric current, sometimes referred to as direct current.

This DC electricity is captured by the inverter, which then converts it into AC power and feeds it into the building’s electrical system. By regulating two or more transistors that flip quickly and power various sides of the transformer, the inverter eventually “fools” the transformer into believing that the DC power is AC.

Types of Solar Inverters

There are many types of solar inverters, below we introduce the three main types that are commonly used:

String Inverters

The most popular kind of inverter for domestic use is the string inverter. Typically, every solar installation includes a string inverter. The reason they are called “string inverters” is that the inverter is attached to a “string” or series of solar panels.

The primary benefits of this kind of inverter are its dependability and economy, however, if individual panels are shadowed, its efficiency decreases.


Microinverters are smaller devices placed on individual panels. At the panel where the electricity is created, they convert DC power to AC power. By optimizing each solar panel separately, this improves energy return, particularly in shaded areas.

They boost solar panels’ energy output and frequently include additional tracking software to help find issues with specific panels quickly.

Hybrid Inverters

With hybrid or multi-mode, inverters, you can link your solar system to batteries. They connect with the associated battery by “DC coupling,” in which the solar panel and battery share an inverter and the DC power from the panel goes through a DC charger to charge the battery.

The solar hybrid inverter’s operating concept is intended for photovoltaic systems with battery backup, giving them the functionality they need for off-grid setups or in the event of an interruption to the primary power source.

WP Series (1.5KW-11KW)

Tips for Choosing the Right Size Inverter

First, make sure the panel output and inverter size match. The greatest power that the solar power system is capable of producing should be handled by the inverter’s size.

Second, think about employing a bigger inverter than what your current solar system needs if you intend to grow it in the future.

Third, think about the solar inverter’s efficiency. In case your system is linked to the grid, choose an inverter with a minimum efficiency of 93% or 95%. For the photovoltaic system to produce as much electricity as possible, these thresholds are essential.

Lastly, you can contact a solar consultant or installation company for appropriate sizing recommendations based on your specific situation.

Maintenance and Precautions for Solar Inverters

1. Check for Weatherproofing: Verify whether the solar inverter is completely protected from the weather by its covering or if it is weatherproof. It could be essential to think about investing in a weatherproof cage in order to prolong the inverter’s lifespan.

2. Review Solar Inverter Display: Regularly monitoring the inverter display might help you identify operational issues early on. System power generation times and levels, daily power generation, and total power generation since installation are just a few examples of the data that can be shown on the display.

3. Ensure Warranties: The solar inverter’s warranty is very important. The typical lifespan of a grid-tied inverter is between 10 and 25 years, but its warranty is often only 5 to 15 years long, with the possibility to extend it for a charge. The longer the warranty, the better, as it offers more defense against malfunctions.

4. Regular Maintenance: To maintain the solar inverter functioning at peak efficiency, make sure it receives regular maintenance. You can hire trained professionals to regularly and thoroughly inspect your solar inverter to optimize its performance and service life.


In summary, improving renewable energy systems and effectively utilizing solar energy requires a thorough grasp of solar inverters.

Long-term sustainable electricity supply from your solar power system can be guaranteed by selecting the appropriate solar inverter type and size, adhering to maintenance schedules, and implementing appropriate safety measures.

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